How do you calculate mud weight?
What is equivalent mud weight?
Equivalent mud weight (EMW) is the mud weight needed to balance formation-fluid pressure, i.e., it is the formation pressure divided by the depth below the Kelly bushing converted to pounds per gallon (the conversion factor is 0.0519 psi/ft=1 lb/gal).
What happens if the mud weight is high?
Tensile failure, however, occurs when the mud pressure exceeds the capacity of the near-wellbore rock to bear tensile stress. If the downhole mud weight is higher than the fracture gradient, the formation will be fractured to create hydraulic fractures (drilling-induced tensile fractures).