Keep your bait in the fish zone.
Either fish the top or the bottom. When deeper than 8 to 10 feet, always fish on the bottom, not close, but on the bottom whenever possible. The exxception to this rule is when crappie and white bass might “suspend” off the bottom. The same is true when largemouth bass are chasing shad.
Deep-bottom fishing thus typically targets the 100–300 m depth range. Many factors influence both the species composition of the catch, and the size of the species caught.